The Overview of Surgical Hair Transplants
When surgeons take hair from one side of the body known as the donor site and move it to another part either bald or going bald. The usual donor areas in a hair transplant operation include parts like the occipital and temporal areas of the scalp. These areas are chosen because their hair follicles are genetically resistant to hormonal changes that cause baldness.
Two primary methods are used in harvesting grafts during a hair transplant:
Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT): The method is also known as strip harvesting because a linear strip of skin containing the patient’s healthy follicles is removed from their donor area. The individual follicular units are then dissected from this strip and inserted into pre-made slits at the recipient site; however, this leaves a linear scar at the donor area.
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE): In this new technique, each follicular unit (FU) is extracted one by one from the scalp using a small punch device. FUE has an advantage over FUT in that it leaves no linear scar at the back of the patient due to its circular wounds made using punches, whereas it has limitations such as a longer duration time and a higher graft transection rate.
The surgical course encompasses shampooing and cleansing of the patient’s scalp first. An anesthetic injection numbs both sections, while FUT uses the scalpel to cut out strips containing follicles from the donor area; alternatively, FUE tackles them individually with punches.
The surgeon then makes tiny incisions or slits on parts of your scalp with no hair where they will put the grafts. Placement is strategic to ensure natural direction and density of growth. The new hairs start growing in three to four months, improving for over one year as the transplanted follicles enter the anagen or growth phase.
Patients may need more than one visit depending on how much hair they need to be transplanted, with an average session requiring grafts. Typically, swelling, crusting and numbness are there for about 10 days, then slowly improve without interfering with most daily activities such as working.
Current techniques can enable a hair transplant singapore surgeon to perform large numbers of grafts with success rates beyond 90 per cent if done by an experienced practitioner. FUT and FUE have high satisfaction rates if donor reserves are good enough for maximum coverage. Few common complications like infections or poor growth exist.
Hair transplantation is the sole resolution for pattern baldness, which lasts forever and has an outstanding success rate. It offers a means of bringing back full heads of growing hair each year that look natural.